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期末必看丨小学英语必考40个重点知识点

2019-07-01 11:25:49 来源:启达教育网

期末考试临近,孩子们是不是正在热火朝天的复习呢?今天,小达老师整理了关于小学英语期末考试复习重点,供孩子们在复习过程中参考!

复习是"温故而知新"的过程,在整个学习活动中也是十分重要的一个环节。

而对于一些孩子们来说,英语学习过程中,最难的就是复杂的时态问题和一些英语变化规则,到底什么时候用he,什么时候用his,在树上应该是“on the tree”还是“in the tree”呢?

有技巧的复习不仅可以使知识体系更清晰,孩子也可以记得更牢固呢~

1. 现在进行时

表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用。

结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.

如:It is raining now.

外面正在下雨。

It is six o’clock now.

现在6点了。

My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.我父母正在客厅看报纸。

Look! The children are having a running race now.看!孩子们正在赛跑。

问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.

2. 一般现在时

表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) 等词连用。

结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

如:We have an English lesson every day.我们每天都要上英语课。

Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的。

问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原

3. 一般过去时

表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。

结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。

如:My earphones were on the ground just now.我的耳机刚刚还在呢。

Where were you last week? I was at a camp.你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了。

What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm.

你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。

问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原

4. 一般将来时

表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。

结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原

如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。

The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.

孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。

Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。

问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

5. 情态动词

情态动词can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原形

如:The girl can’t swim, but he can skate.女孩不会游泳,但是会滑冰。

Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.不要在课上说话,你应该认真听老师讲。

6. 祈使句

肯定祈使句以动词原形开头;否定祈使句以don’t加动词原形开头

如:Open the box for me ,please.请为我打开盒子。

Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.刘涛,明天请早点起床!

Don’t walk on the grass!不要在草地上走!

Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.海伦!不要爬树。

7. go的用法

去干嘛用go +动词ing

如: go swimming; go fishing;go skating;go camping;go running;go skiing;go rowing…

8.比较问题

than 前用比较级;as…as之间用原级

如:My mother is two years younger than my father.我妈比我爸年轻两岁。

Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.刘涛跳得和本一样远。

9. 喜欢做某事

like +动词inglike+ to + 动原

如:Su Yang likes growing flowers.苏阳喜欢种花。

The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.孩子们喜欢在春节去玩花灯。

10. 想要做某事

would like +to+动原want + to +动原

例:I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum

我想去参观历史博物馆。

11. some用法

some用于肯定句中,在否定句和问句中改为any,但当表示委婉语气时仍用some.

如:Can I have some writing paper?

我可以拿一些书写纸吗?

Would you like some orange juice?

你想来一些橙汁吗?

12.代词

人称代词主格做主语用一般放在句首或动词前,主格分别是 I you he she it we you they。宾格做宾语用,一般放在动词或介词后。

如:Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。

宾格分别是me you him her it us you them

形容词性物主代词放在名词前,不能单独使用,分别是my your his her its our your their;

名词性物主代词相当于形物加名词,它只能单独使用后面不好加名词,分别是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs

13. 介词

介词后要么不加动词,加动词只能加动词ing形式

如:be good at running;do well in jumping;

14. 时间介词

季节前,月份前用介词in;

如:in summer;in March

具体的哪一天如星期几,几月几日用介词on;

如:on Saturday; on the second of April; on Wednesday morning

在几点钟前用介词at;

如:at a quarter to four;

只在上下午晚上用in;

如:in the morning/ afternoon/ evening;但在夜间用at night。另:季节,月份和星期前不好加the.

15. 名词复数构成的方法

规则的有:

(1)直接在名词后加s

如orange—oranges; photo—photos;

(2) 以x, s, sh, ch结尾的加es

如:box—boxes; glass—glasses; waitress—waitresses; watch—watches;peach--peaches

(3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

如:study—studies;library—libraries; hobby—hobbies; family—families;

(4)以f, fe结尾的改f, fe 为v+es

如:knife—knives; thief—thieves(注:以o结尾的我们学过的只有mango加es, mango—mangoes其余加s,)

不规则的有:

man—men; woman—women; people—people; child—children

16. 动词第三人称单数的构成

(1)直接在动词后加s

如:run—runs; dance—dances

(2)以s,sh,ch,o结尾的加es

如:do—does;go—goes;

wash—washes;catch—catches

(3)以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es

如:study—studies; carry—carries;

17. 现在分词的构成

(1)直接在动词后加ing

如:sing—singing; ski—skiing;

(2)双写词尾加ing

如:swim—swimming; jog—jogging;run—running;

(3)以不发音的e结尾的去e加ing

如:ride—riding; dance—dancing; make—making;

18. 动词过去式的构成

规则的有:

(1)直接在动词后加ed

如:clean—cleaned; milk—milked; play—played;

(2)以e结尾的直接加d

如:dance—danced; taste—tasted;

(3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加ed

如:study—studied;carry—carried;

(4)双写词尾加ed

如:stop—stopped; jog—jogged;

不规则的有:

am,is—was; are—were; do,does—did; have,has—had; go—went; meet—met; sit—sat; see—saw; get—got; tell—told; run—ran; come—came; steal—stole; read—read;

19.形容词副词比较级的构成

规则的有:

(1)直接在形容词或副词后加er

如;small—smaller; low—lower;

(2)以e结尾的加r

如:late—larer;

(3)双写词尾加er

如:big—bigger; thin—thinner; fat—fatter;

(4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加er

如:heavy—heavier; early—earlier;

不规则的有:

good, well—better(最高级为best); many, much—more(最高级为most); far—farther或further(最高级farthest或furthest);

20.rain与snow的用法

(1)作为名词意思是雨水和雪是不可数名词

如:There is a lot of rain there in spring. 那儿的春天有很多雨水。

(2) 作为动词意思是下雨和下雪,有四种形式分别是:

动词原形rain;snow;

第三人称单数rains ;snows;

现在分词raining;snowing;

过去式rained;snowed;

如:①Look! It is raining now. 瞧!天正在下雨。

②It often rains in Nantong in summer.南通夏天经常下雨。

③ It rained yesterday.昨天下了雨。

④It is going to rain tomorrow. 明天要下雨。

(3)形容词为rainy 和snowy 意思是有雨的和有雪的

如:It is often rainy here in spring.这儿的春天经常是有雨的。

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